You have the option in the Objective Setting and Appraisals (OSA) component to use structural authorizations to control access to appraisal documents. Two scenarios help you to understand the concept.
Structural authorizations for HR personnel data are used to grant authorizations based on objects and relationships in organizational structures. You assign structural authorizations to a user with a structural profile. The structural profile contains the following main characteristics:
• Object ID of the root object (which can be dynamically determined through a function module). This is the starting point within the organizational structure, from where authorizations are granted.
• Evaluation path along which the objects are evaluated. This evaluation path identifies all the objects to which the specific user has access.
In part 1 of this series, we explained which standard roles apply for the Objective Setting and Appraisals (OSA) component and which standard HR authorization objects and structural authorizations are relevant for setting up a secure performance management process. In part 2, we focus on the OSA-specific structural authorization concepts that you can use to control access to appraisal documents for persons from defined areas in Organizational Management (OM).
Our explanations apply to R/3 Enterprise HR Extension Set 1.10 and 2.00 as well as to mySAP ERP 2004. This article assumes the reader has a basic understanding of the data model in OM.