SAP Time Management: Understanding and Using Standard Time Types in Time Evaluation for Reporting and Simplifying Custom Content

  • by Imran Sajid, Senior Education Consultant, SAP
  • April 7, 2016
Learn about standard SAP Time Management time types and how to use them in reporting—and when creating your own schema rules—to leverage the available standard time type data that is calculated by SAP-delivered schema rules. Learn how to use delivered time types to efficiently create rules, and to find and use standard but underutilized reporting options. Also, learn the details for how the delivered configuration creates and calculates these time types.
Learning Objectives

By reading this article, you will learn:

  • About standard SAP Time Management time types
  • How standard time types are created in the delivered time evaluation schema TM04, as well as the configuration for time types
  • How to read and understand pre-delivered schemas functions, operations, and rules
  • How to report on the values in standard SAP time types
Key Concept
The SAP ERP HCM system comes delivered with many different times types. These standard time types are used by SAP ERP HCM to calculate time evaluation, and also provide a lot of relevant information about the metrics of your organization. They can be very useful if you understand how to use them.

Most companies I have worked with that use SAP Time Management end up creating an entire collection of customized time types. In most cases, this customization (and extra effort) is not necessary because the standard time types provide a lot of information and help make decisions about your own logic or reporting. Using the standard time types, instead of creating new ones, allows for more efficient creation of customized rules, as well as providing standard reporting options of which you may not be aware. For example, you can run a standard report to get all the similarly grouped attendance hours for an employee over the course of a period, such as a calendar year.

Using examples like this, I explain the standard functionality of time types, and discuss the logic in SAP-delivered schema TM04 for time evaluation with clock times. (Sschema TM00 is available if you are using time evaluation without clock times, and has many of the same attributes and rules as schema TM04, but is not discussed in this article.) I also explore the flexibility of configuration that is available for changing the delivered time types. Finally, I also cover the details for exactly how the delivered configuration creates and calculates these time types.

Tips!
To understand this article, readers need to have a good grasp of the concepts of SAP Time Management—this is not intended for beginners. If you are a new learner, I recommend taking the SAP Time Management class HR306 – Configuration of Time Recording to get more of a baseline knowledge.

Imran Sajid

Imran Sajid is a Senior Education Consultant at SAP based in the Atlanta, GA, area. At SAP, he focuses on teaching classes in the HCM area within both SAP and SuccessFactors. Previously, Imran was a consultant who implemented and provided post-go-live support for more than a dozen different client systems spanning many industries, including manufacturing, automotive, retail, information systems, the public sector, and energy. He is the author of the book entitled, The Payroll Control Center for SAP ERP HCM and SAP SuccessFactors, as well as a frequent contributor to SAP Experts, where he has published almost a dozen articles. Imran is also frequent blogger on SAP Community Network (SCN). He graduated from the Georgia State University Robinson College of Business with a degree in Computer Information Systems. Imran can be found on Twitter @ImranSajidSAP.

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