How you categorize your transactional data in the SAP Business Information Warehouse data model affects the amount of reporting flexibility you have. It might also have an impact on query performance.
The InfoCube is a core building block of SAP Business Information Warehouse. It contains user-defined data sets against which you can perform queries. Data in InfoCubes can come from a wide variety of sources, including transactional systems or master data tables.
SAP logistics and supply chain reporting is increasingly dependent
on SAP Business Information Warehouse (BW). This means that you
must communicate effectively with your BW team when giving them
your requirements, particularly when it comes to modeling your data.
Understanding and planning your BW data model is the single most
important way to ensure that BW can meet your organization's
current and future reporting requirements.