Configuring and Monitoring Key Performance Indicators in SAP MII

  • by Tufale Ashai , Senior IT Consultant, Fujitsu Consulting India
  • June 18, 2015
Learn how the key performance indicator (KPI) framework is implemented in SAP Manufacturing Integration and Intelligence (SAP MII) and how to create KPIs in SAP MII. Discover how to monitor and visualize these KPIs.
Learning Objectives

By reading this article, you will learn how to:

  • Configure a base key performance indicator (KPI)
  • Configure a composite KPI that can contain two or more base KPIs
  • Use alerts while configuring these KPIs
  • Consume KPI data using KPI Query
  • Monitor the KPIs using a built-in KPI monitoring screen
Key Concept
The key performance indicator (KPI) framework is a built-in feature provided by SAP Manufacturing Integration and Intelligence (SAP MII) that enables you to define KPIs and then create logic to calculate and monitor them. In addition to these features, the KPI framework also allows you to create your own user interface (UI) and consume data of KPIs from SAP MII. SAP MII’s KPI framework leverages the ability of SAP MII to fetch the data needed for the calculation of KPIs from any shop floor system or historian using SAP MII data connectors. You can also create custom logic for calculation in SAP MII and then calculate your KPIs based on these calculations.
Key performance indicator (KPI) creation, measurement, and monitoring are critical for performance evaluation. KPIs, which are numerical measures that are used to monitor the critical areas of operation, can differ at various levels of an organization. KPIs let the business know how well the organization or a part of it is performing. They are normally created for a particular business scenario and serve a specific purpose (i.e., monitor critical areas). These KPIs let the management and the stakeholders associated with that scenario understand which areas of their business are performing well, which areas need monitoring, and which areas need immediate attention and improvement.

SAP Manufacturing Integration and Intelligence (SAP MII) version 14.0 enables you to create and configure these KPIs according to your business needs and monitor them easily using SAP MII’s built-in KPI monitoring screen. From a framework point of view, the KPI framework consists of three major steps:

  1. KPI definition
  2. KPI data acquisition
  3. KPI data consumption

In the following sections, I lead you through these steps and help you understand all the features and capabilities of SAP MII’s KPI framework:

  • Types of KPIs
  • KPI definition
  • KPI data consumption and monitoring
  • Use of alerts in KPI

The KPI framework is only available in SAP MII 14.0 and above. Prerequisites for this article are knowledge of SAP MII and SAP MII’s Business Logic Services (BLS).

Types of KPIs

SAP MII’s KPI framework has two types of KPIs: base and composite. Base KPIs are not dependent on any other KPI, whereas composite KPIs depend on other KPIs to get data.

Base KPIs

Base KPIs are the performance indicators that are independent of other KPIs. These KPIs are self-sufficient and can collect and calculate values by themselves without the need of any external system. However, these KPIs can be part of another KPI to gather required data. Therefore, they are called base KPIs as they measure the performance of individual or fundamental measures of a system.

Base KPIs are represented by this icon  in SAP MII. They can be configured to collect data from either a query template or transaction. Examples of base KPIs are Availability, Quality, First Pass Yield, and Performance.

Composite KPIs

A composite KPI is a combination of one or more base KPIs. The value of a composite KPI is calculated based on the values of each of its dependent KPIs or systems. A composite KPI can have its own source of data. However, during calculation of a KPI, all the dependent KPIs are taken into account and the value is generated. Composite KPIs can be dependent on base KPIs, composite KPIs, or both.

The composite KPIs are represented by this icon in SAP MII. The composite KPI can be configured to collect data from multiple data sources that can be query templates, transactions, or other KPIs. However, for a composite KPI, it is mandatory that at least one KPI be configured as a data source.

An example of a composite KPI is Overall Equipment Effectiveness (OEE). This KPI is dependent on three other base KPIs: Availability, Quality, and Performance.

The formula to calculate OEE is OEE % = Availability % * Quality % * Performance %

I now explain how these KPIs (base and composite) are defined and consumed.

Tufale Ashai

Tufale Ashai is a senior IT consultant at Fujitsu Consulting India with approximately six years’ experience in the IT industry. He is currently working on providing SAP MII-based solutions.

Tufale was a member of the SAP MII Product Development Team at SAP Labs Bangalore and has worked on releases 12.x, 14.0, and 15.0 of SAP MII as a senior developer.


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